Chandigarh, “The City Beautiful” is well known for its tree covered roads, planned architecture, rich culture, well managed traffic, beautiful gardens and clean atmospheric conditions. However, during the festive seasons especially Diwali, the un-avoided use of firecrackers by the residents adds up a lot of smoke, poisonous gases to the air and waste rags to the surroundings giving an abandoned look to the city.
CPCC (Chandigarh Pollution Control Committee) is however, dedicate to control over the environmental loss by educating people and spreading awareness among them through different modes and with the help of different departments of the city including Department of Environment & ENVIS Centre Chandigarh. The graphs represented below shows the trends of different air emissions before Diwali and on Diwali day in Chandigarh, which were monitored at different locations throughout the city.
The levels of NOx and SOx in Chandigarh are used to be quite under the permissible limits as suggested by BIS and other authorized agencies, however the graphs shows that their concentrations are always remarkably high on the Diwali festival. The city is already facing environmental problems due to high RSPM, which exponentially increase on the festive eves. High RSPM in air is well known to cause a list of health disorders such as allergies, respiratory diseases, asthma and eye, skin & throat irritations, especially in kids and old peoples. However due to the consistent efforts of various govt and non-governmental departments, the use of firecrackers has now following a decreasing trend year by year and heading to put a stop on the environmental problems due to air pollution in festive seasons in India.